Kenya lies on both sides of the equator on the
east coast of Africa. The country borders Somalia, Ethiopia and Sudan to the north, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south and the Indian Ocean to the east. The country’s port of Mombasa serves most of the Eastern and Central African landlocked countries, including Burundi, Ethiopia, parts of
Northern Tanzania, Rwanda, Sudan and Uganda.
The population is 37 million (2010), with approximately 8 million people living in the urban areas. The population growth rate is 2.6per cent per year (2009). English is the official language and Kiswahili the national language. The Constitution of Kenya guarantees freedom of religion and worship. Christians are the majority (about 78%), Muslims constitute about 10% of the population, and about 12% subscribe to indigenous beliefs or other religions. The main ethnic groups include the Kikuyu, who form the largest group with not quite a quarter of the population, the Luhya, the Luo, the Kalenjin and the Kamba. The well-known Maasai number less than 1%, as do the various non-African groups (Europeans, Asians, etc.) Kenya occupies an area of 582,646 square kilometers (225,000 square miles). Agriculture is the dominant sector of the economy. Horticulture, agro-processing, fishing and livestock hold substantial potential for further development, while natural attractions such as mountains, lakes, rivers and game parks, combined with a climate that ranges from the tropical to the temperate (in the highlands), offer tremendous opportunities for tourism.